In the province of Quam tum, in that part that goes towards the south, and is bordered by the sea, the principle site is occupied by the city of Quam ceu, 2 which is the capital of the entire province: the distance from the extreme limits of the Kingdom of the Chinese is 113 days' journey, from the city of Cui ceu to the east.
240 li, 60 miles, from the city of Sciau chin to the west.
240 li, 60 miles, from the city of Sciau ceu to the north.
400 lia 100 miles, b from the southern sea coast.
380 li, c 89 miles from the capital called Suon tien of the province of Pachi.
7,835 li, miles, from the city of Intien of the province of Nanchin 4,390 li, miles.
The land produces each single year in terms of cereals 53 and 300,000 kantars respectively of rice and wheat.
In addition, to the above-mentioned city are subjected the following:
Nam hai hhien within the walls of the city. d
Fan iu is similarly not far from its fu, where[there are] silver mines.
Sun te' is 149 li, 41 miles from its city.
Tum cuoan to the south-east 250 li, 62 miles.
Zum cua to the north-east 150 li, 37 miles.
Lun muen to south-west 30 li, 7' miles
Sin nin to the west 110 li, 27' miles Cen cin to the east 190 li, 47 miles.
Hhian scian to the south 150 li, 37 miles.
Sin cuj to the south-west 230 li, 57 miles .
San sciui to the south-west 140 li, 35 miles.
Cin iuon to the north 340 li, 85 miles .
Chien ceu3 is 560 li, 140 miles from its city to the north-west .
Jam scian 200 li, 50 miles from its ceu in the north .
Chien scian 290 li, 72 miles from its ceu to the north-west .
Sin ngan 230 li, 57 miles from its city. e
Guei number 7; su number 8.
Ciau ceu fu4 which is the second in order, is 100 days' journeyf from the extreme limits of the Kingdom of the Chinese, from Nan ium fu and Sci hhin hhien 250 li, from Quam ceu fu Chien ceu, Iam scian hhien 400 li to the west; to the west from Quam ceu fu Cin iuon hhien to the south 450 li, from Hu quam Lin ceu fu and Ian hhien to the north 360 li, from the capital 7,035 li, from Nanchin 3,595 li. 5 uan kantars of cereals.
Chio chian hhien within the walls of the city. Silver and copper mines .
Lo ciam from its fu to the north-west 80 li. Silver and lead mines .
Gin cua to the north-east 80 li. Iron mines.
Gi iuon to the west 100 li.
Iu iuon to the south-east 90 li. Silver and lead mines .
In te' to the south-west 220 li. Silver and copper mines .
Nam ium5 is 100 days' journey from the borders, from Chian si Can ceu fu, Sin fun hhien 240 li to the east, from Ciau ceu fu and Chio chian hhien 340 li to the west, from Ciau ceu fu Lun nan hhien to the south 300 li, from Chian si Nam ngan fu Ta' chien hhien to the north 80 li, from the royal Pachin 6,745 li, from Nanchin 3,300 li. Three uan and five thousand kantars of cereals.
Pau ciam within the walls of the city.
Sci hhin to the west 110 li.
Cui ceu6 122 days' journey from the borders; from Ciau ceu fu and Ciau iam hhien to the east 400 li; from the southerng sea coast 60 li, from Quam ceu fu 270 li; to the north from Sciau ceu fu and Chio chian hhien 400 li, from the capital 8,345 li, from Nanchin 4,900 li. Six uan and 7,000 kantars of cereal.
These places are subjected to the above-mentioned city.
Cui scien within the walls of the city.
Polo to south and north [sic] 30 li, 7' miles.
Ciam nin loin ngam — position and distance not given in books.
Hai fun to north-east 300 li, 75 miles.
Ho iuon to the north 150 li, 37 miles.
Suo ciuon to the north-east 400 li, 100 miles.
Ciam lo to the north-east 480 li. Hhin nin to the north-east 450 li. Ho' pin to the north-east 270 li.
Guei two, su 7.
Ciau ceu7 fu, 149 days'journey from the borders, from the sea coast to the east 150 li, from Cui ceu fu and Hai fun hhien to the west 150 li, from the sea coast to the south 150 li; Fo chien Tien ceu fu and Scian han hhien 315 li to the north; from the Capital 9,747 li, from Nanchin 6,580 li; 16 uan and 4,000 kantars of cereals.
Hai iam within the walls of the city.
Ciau iam to the south 130 li.
Chie iam to the west 70 li.
Chin hhian to the north 400 li.
Giau pin to the east 280 li.
Cui laj to the south 110 li.
Ta pin to the east 110 li.
Cin nin to the south-west 140 li.
Pin iuon to the north-west 260 li.
Guei five, su six
Sciau chin fu8 113 days' journey from the extreme limits of the Kingdom, from Quam ceu fu Nam Hoi hhien 240 li to the east, from Uu ceu fu of the province of Quam to the west 800 li, from Quam ceu Cin iun hhien to the north 280 li, from the royal Chin sci 7,402 li, from Nanchin 4,260.16 uan kantars of cereals each single year. h
Cau iau not distant from the city. Silver and iron mines .
Si cui to the north 130 li. Silver mines present .
Sin hhin to the west 140 li, 35 miles. Jam chian to the southI 340 li; 85 miles. Iron and tin mines .
Jam ciuon to the south 240 li, 60 miles.
Cau min to the south-east 280 li, 70 miles.
Ngan pin to the south 271 li, 67 miles.
Nam nin to the north-west 95 li, 21 miles.
Ceu Ta chin9 120 days' journey from the limits 210 li.
Translated from the Italian by: Salvatore Mele
For the original source of the English revised translation see: RUGGIERI, Michele, CAMPANINO, Vittorio, transcript., Trascrizioni delle tavole descrittive di Michele Ruggieri, in SARDO, Eugenio Lo, ed., "Atlante della Cina di Michelle Ruggieri, S. I.", Roma, Archivio di Stato di Roma - Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato - Libreria dello Stato, 1993, pp.61-120, pp.74-75 and T.14.
See: ** RC editorial note.
Tavola /Plate 13
PROV[IN]. CE QUAM-TUM
SARDO, Eugenio Lo, ed., Atlante della Cina di Michele Ruggieri, S. I., Roma, Archivio di Stato di Roma-Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato-Libreria dello Stato, 1993.
* RC editorial note: The transcription of this text is indexed to Tavola/Table 16 in the Trascrizioni delle tavole descritttive di Michelle Ruggieri in Eugenio Lo Sardo's edition of the Atlante della Cina di Michele Ruggieri, I. S., p.74 and is numbered as Tavola/ Table 14 in the list of reproductions of Michele Ruggieri's original manuscript inserted in Eugenio Lo Sardo's edition of the Atlante della Cina di Michele Ruggieri, I. S.
**Translator's note: This text relates to the map entitled Prov." Quam-tum (Quamtum Prov[in].ce/ Guangdong Province) numbered as Tavola/ Plate 13 in the list of reproductions of Michele Ruggieri's original manuscript inserted in Eugenio Lo Sardo's edition of the Atlante della Cina di Michele Ruggieri, I. S..
The romanisation of Chinese names and sites was left as in Michele Ruggieri's original manuscript according to Vittorio Campanino's transcription in Eugenio Lo Sardo's edition of the Atlante della Cina di Michele Ruggieri.
1 Guangdon sheng. ·
2 Guangzhou fu. ·
3 Lianzhou. ·
4 Shaozhou fu. ·
5 Nanxiong fu. ·
6 Huizhou fu. ·
7 Chaozhou fu. ·
8 Zhaoqing fu. ·
9 Deqing zhou. ·
a "400 li" is written over a crossed out "380 ".
b "95 " crossed out
c The figure is illegible due to a stain on the sheet.
d Superscript addition: "neque situs neque distantia a sua fu ponitur " ("neither the position nor the dis tance is given").
e "Moilin civitas nova", ("the new city of Moilin") crossed out.
f "dierum" ("days'") crossed out.
g "occidentem " ("west") crossed out
h Symbol given for end of day's activity.
I "occidentem " ("west") crossed out.
start p. 53