The visual arts open new paths for reflection in the Review of Culture No. 63

Macao's artistic variety, its internationalization and trends, followed by an essay on the life and work of local artist Mio Pang Fei, open issue no. 63 of Review of Culture.

In the column Macao Studies, several authors discuss the urban history of Macao and Hong Kong; the roles of Portugal and Macao in establishing the maritime Silk Road; the talks between Chinese and Portuguese authorities on the fight against opium trafficking in the region; and the Darwinist controversy that arose in Macao and Hong Kong at the end of the 19th century.

In the next column, an essay discussing the presence of Confucius in Portuguese culture and the role played by Macao in the diffusion of Eastern ideas and ideals is followed by a book review of Alan Richard Sweeten's most recent work that introduces the old Catholic churches in China. 

The column of Classical Chinese literature resumes in this issue with a theoretical essay dedicated to the canon and writing, the orality and stylization of words.

The Review of Culture, International Edition (RCI), published by the Cultural Affairs Bureau and edited by the Centre for Macau Studies of University of Macau, is available for purchase in the Livraria Yiwen, Archives of Macao, Public Information Centre, Kun Iam Ecumenical Centre and Plaza Cultural Macau, at the price of MOP150 each. In addition, the new "Online Book Shop" ( uses the Express Mail Service (EMS) of the Macao Post and Telecommunications Bureau to mail publications to overseas readers; while readers in Macao can choose among 14 public libraries under IC (Macao Peninsula, Taipa and Coloane) to self pick up their orders. For more information, please contact IC through the email