Biographical Notes

Lo Jing

Lo Jing is a young guzheng player with the Shanghai Traditional Orchestra. She started her music at the Middle Music School affiliated to the Shanghai Conservatory in 1986. She was awarded the "Fu Chengxian" Scholarship in her second academic year and graduated a year ahead of schedule, in 1995. In the same year, she became guzheng soloist of the Shanghai Traditional Orchestra, and in 2002, of the Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra.

Under the long-term meticulous instructions by noted masters, she has rendered comprehensive techniques and a good command of major schools of guzheng playing, developing her own elegant and peaceful, fresh and graceful style.

Among her honours are the first place (children's professional group) in the International Competition for Chinese Musical Instruments 1989 (ART), two Music Performing Prizes of Shanghai Spring Music Festival since 1993 and the second place (youth group) in the 1995 National Guzheng Competition, sponsored by the Cultural Ministry of China. In 1999 she was invited to give a recital at Carnegie Hall, New York. Two years later she was soloist in the New Spring Concert at the Golden Hall, Vienna and held a recital at the Shanghai Grand Theatre. In the same year, she held performances in the Praque Spring Arts Festival, Italy and France, respectively. Lo Jing successively paid visits to Japan, Singapore, Switzerland, America, Austria, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Italy, France, Malaysia, Hong Kong and Macao. Her released records include "Luo Jing", "Liuyang River", "Eternal Regret of Jian-an Period" and "Farming Songs by Huan Chungeng."


Pedro Caldeira Cabral
Portuguese guitar

Pedro Caldeira Cabral was born in Lisbon in 1950. As a child he began to study the Portuguese and classical guitars and the flute. Later he studied music theory, counterpoint and harmony with Professor Artur Santos at the National Music Conservatory of Lisbon. In 1970 he began studying the lute, the viola and other early music string and wind instruments. He founded and directed the early music groups La Batalla and Concerto Atlântico, specialized in the performance of Medieval and Renaissance music on period instruments.

A self-taught Portuguese guitar player and composer, he has developed a very individual style founded on the solo guitar tradition, incorporating original techniques and elements gathered from his study of the traditional instruments and popular forms within the Mediterranean musical heritage. As a performer, he has expanded the solo repertoire of the Portuguese guitar with transcriptions of works by J.S. Bach, S.L. Weiss, Scarlatti, Sor, Seixas and others, as well as given first performances of original pieces by other contemporary composers.

He did research in the field of traditional music (musical organology) and collaborated with Dr. Ernesto Veiga de Oliveira in the second and third editions of the book "Portuguese Traditional Musical Instruments", published by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon, in 1982 and 2000, respectively. In the same area he made the complete inventory and organological classification of Michel Giacometti's collection in the Music Museum of Cascais. His book, "The Portuguese Guitar", Lisbon 1999, is the first monograph on this national instrument's origins and historical evolution, iconography, organological study and repertoire.

In 1987 he founded the CEDMA (Centre for Early Music Studies), organising exhibitions, conferences, concerts in schools and musical programmes for various early music groups, covering Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque and Romantic periods. Pedro Caldeira Cabral currently directs the CEDMA.

He composed original music for the theatre, cinema, TV series and ballet and since 1969, toured intensively as a Portuguese guitar player in international music festivals in Europe, Asia and the U.S.A.. He was responsible for the preproduction and artistic direction of the International Portuguese Guitar Festival at World Expo 98, held in Lisbon.

He has appeared in television programmes for the following networks: RTP (Portugal), WDR, ZDF and NDR (Germany), BBC and Granada TV (UK), ORTF (France), VPRO (Holland), TV Globo and TV Cultura de São Paulo (Brazil). A selection of his solo records include: "Guitarras de Portugal", by Tecla (1971), "Encontros", Orfeu (1982), "A Guitarra nos Salões do Século XVIII", Orfeu (1983), "Pedro Caldeira Cabral", EMI (1985), "Duas Faces", EMI (1987), "Guitarra Portuguesa", GHA (1991), "Momentos da Guitarra", Fenn Music (1992), "Variações", World Network/WDR (1993), "Música de Guitarra Inglesa", BMG/RCA Classics (1998) and "Memórias da Guitarra Portuguesa" by Tradisom (2003).


Ma Xiang Hua

Ma Xiang Hua was born in Jinan, Shandong Province. At the age of seven, she started to learn the erhu and won her first award soon afterwards. In 1986, she enrolled in the affiliated primary school of the Central Conservatory of Music of China and in 1987, she visited Tianjin, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hong Kong and Macao with other junior performers of the Conservatory. In 1989, Miss Ma won the "ART" Cup, and in 1990, Jinan TV produced an episode on music featuring her. Since 1991, she studies with Prof. Liu Chang Fu.

In July 1992, she performed in Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore and Malaysia, and one year later, she participated in international art festivals in France, Belgium, Holland, Denmark and Sweden. In January 1994, she visited Japan to join an international music festival, performing with Tokyo Symphony Orchestra. In July 1995, she visited Australia with other Chinese musicians, performing in Sydney Opera House with Australian Youth Symphony Orchestra. In 1996 she visited Thailand, performing with the Shanghai Symphony Orchestra in Bangkok Cultural Centre. Her performances were highly acclaimed, and she is recognized as a talented and promising young erhu soloist.


Pang Ka Pang
Artistic Director and Principal Conductor
of the Macao Chinese Orchestra

Pang Ka Pang was born in 1965 in An Hui province of China. During 1985 he studied in the Composing and Conducting Department of the Shanghai Conservatory of Music and in 1987 he transferred to the Conducting Department of the Central Conservatory of China to study under professor Xu Xin. In 1990 he received the "Most Outstanding Graduate" certificate and received the "Shen Xin Gong Music Scholarship". Whilst studying at the university he was conductor of the Youth Symphony of China and the Broadcasting Symphony Orchestra of China. In the same year, he was recommended to be a master student of professor Zheng Xiao Ying and received his master's degree in 1992, successfully playing Shostakovich's Symphony No. 5 as his graduation work. In August 1996, he was the sole Asian young music conductor to be invited to be part of the 35th International Kirill Kondrashin Master Class receiving the Master Class Award. He was a student of Edward Downes and Peter Eotvos.

In June 1997, Pang was chosen to participate in the Ukraine International Conductors Master Class in Kiev in which he ranked first. From the beginning of 1998 he became Principal Conductor of the China Broadcasting Traditional Orchestra. Pang has been conductor of the Kyushu Symphony Orchestra of Japan, Hong Kong Sinfonietta, National Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine, Pusan Philharmonic Orchestra of Korea and of the Mozart Symphony Orchestra of Austria. He was the Artistic Director and Principal Conductor of the Chinese Broadcasting Traditional Orchestra and Oriental Symphony Orchestra of China, Guest Conductor of the Wu Han Music Conservatory of China, Guest Conductor of the National Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine, and Guest Conductor of Fu Shan Philharmonic Orchestra of Korea. He has performed with the renowned

American organist Dr. June Kean and Korean cellist Gao Feng Cheng. In the year 2000 he conducted the Year of the Dragon "Chinese Folk Music Spring Festival" and the following year "Chinese Folk Music Symphonic Concert in the New Century", both in the Golden Hall of Vienna, Austria. In 2002, he conducted the "Chinese Folk Music Concert" in the auditorium of the United Nations in Geneva, in Switzerland. In February of the same year he accompanied the Oriental Symphony of China on a tour to Austria, Germany and Italy. He also conducted the third concert, "Chinese Spring Festival Symphonic Concert" in the Golden Hall in Vienna, Austria. He performed with the Chinese Broadcasting Traditional Orchestra on the occasion of the establishment of a formal relationship with Germany and the visit of Chairman Jiang Zemin to Berlin and three other cities and was highly praised. His next destination was Brussels, Belgium where he received the appraisal of the critics and the public.

In 2001, Pang and the Chinese Broadcasting Traditional Orchestra were invited by the Cultural Institute of the Macao S.A.R. Government to perform with the Macao Chinese Orchestra in the "1st Anniversary of the Macao Handover" as well as for the "3rd Anniversary of the Macao Handover". He conducted the "Chinese Roots, Macao's Heart" concert at the closing ceremony in the 13th Macao Arts Festival. In February 2003 he was formally engaged as the Artistic Director and Principal Conductor of the Macao Chinese Orchestra.

In January 2003 Pang was once again invited by the National Opera Symphony of Austria to perform Chinese folk music in the globally famous Golden Hall in Vienna. Pang's performances helped turn a new page in Chinese music. His profound knowledge of different types of music, and his unique interpretation has enabled him to gain great appreciation and admiration in the international music circle, his interpretation being compared by the media to that of Herbert von Karajan. The Messenger, a newspaper of Austria stated: "Pang has the style of both Seiji Ozawa and Riccardo Muti's."

In the beginning of February 2003, one of the biggest global media groups, Viacom International Inc. of America, invited him and the Chinese Broadcasting Traditional Orchestra to perform in the Lincoln Centre, Washington, San Francisco and Las Vegas, where he received a remarkable applause from the audience.

Pang Ka Pang is a member of the Musicians Association of China, a member of the Standing Committee of Chinese Ethnic Orchestral Music Association, adjudicator of the 10th National Young Singers Competition of the Central Television Broadcasting Company of China and a member of the 9th National Youth Association. In 1999, the National Broadcasting, Movie and Television Bureau of the Central Government State Department awarded him one of the ten "Outstanding Youth Awards".


The Macao Chinese Orchestra

The Macao Chinese Orchestra was founded in 1987 by the Cultural Institute (former Cultural Institute of Macao). Performing regularly in Macao, the Orchestra widened its audience in December 1988, when it made its first tour to Portugal. Since then, it has performed abroad regularly (Portugal, Belgium, Bombay, Goa, etc.). In November 1994, it participated in the commemorations of "Lisbon 94 - European Capital of Culture", giving a concert in S. Luis Theatre in Lisbon. In June 1998, it performed two concerts as part of EXPO' 98 in Lisbon, where it accompanied the singer Rui Veloso and the guitar player Pedro Caldeira Cabral, to much acclaim.

On a local level, the Orchestra has frequently participated in various initiatives, among which the Cultural Session that was part of the Macao Handover Ceremony and in the Ceremony of the Establishment of the Macao Special Administrative Region. Since 2001, the orchestra has held concerts in various schools around Macao, contributing to the promotion of Chinese music.

The repertoire of the Macao Chinese Orchestra covers various music styles from the orchestration of traditional melodies to more recent Chinese musical works. It performed, in a first complete performance, A Hard Separation, by He Zhan Hao, conducted by the composer himself, Impressions of Tai Hang Mountain, by Liu Wen Jin, River in Spring, by Xu Jin Xin, Fantasy for Macao, for Portuguese guitar and Chinese Orchestra, by Kuan Nai Chung and Macanese Rhapsody, by Simão Barreto.

Famous soloists have played with the orchestra, such as Vivian Choi, Yu Qi Wei, Min Hui Fen, Siu Pak Long, Nancy Loo, Liu De Hai, Yim Hok Man, Wong On Yuen, Yu Xun Fa, Wang Guo Tong, Jiang Ke Mei, Wu Yan Ze, Zhang Gao Xiang, Ma Xiang Hua, Dai Ya, Zhang Ye and Qubi Awu, among others.

Famous conductors have also collaborated with the orchestra, such as Wang Zheng Ping, He Zhan Hao, Chen Nan Ji, Pang Ka Pang, Gu Li Min, Gu Guan Ren, Wang Fu Jian, Huang Xiao Fei, Wang Yong Ji, Ding Jia Lin, Hu Bing Xu, Yan Huichang, and others.


China National Chinese Opera and Dance Drama Company, National Music Troop

The Traditional Orchestra of the Chinese National Opera and Dance Drama Company has a history of over 50 years. In its early days the orchestra performed a great number of famous operas and dance dramas, such as Marriage of Little Erhei and The White-Haired Girl, in collaboration with the singer Guo Lan Ying and the dancer Chen Ai Lian. For its scores of years' practice, the orchestra has developed a distinctive artistic style and produced a batch of performers with high attainments; it has enjoyed the reputation a state orchestra should have at home and abroad. The orchestra has accumulated a huge amount of repertoires, many of which are important masterpieces in Chinese music history and performed again and again.

Among its awards from international and national instrument competitions are the Lark Prize, the Prize for Performance of Traditional Music (sponsored by the Ministry of Culture), a prize from the International Competition for Traditional Instrumental Music, and the Silver Prize from the International Chamber Music Competition (Osaka, Japan). In 1998 the orchestra performed for Chinese President Jiang Zemin and American President Clinton at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, and was warmly acclaimed by the two leaders.


Programme Notes


The Macao Chinese Orchestra


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